INCHCOLM, an island, in the parish of Aberdour, district of Dunfermline, county of Fife, 1½ mile (S. by W.) from Aberdour; containing 5 inhabitants. It is situated in the Frith of Forth, immediately opposite to Aberdour; and the approach to it is very beautiful. On this island are the remains of a celebrated monastery of Augustines, founded in 1123, by Alexander I., in accordance with a vow, and most richly endowed by his munificence. It soon became famous for its sanctity; and in consequence, Alan de Mortimer, lord of Aberdour, bestowed half of the lands of the parish on the monks, for the privilege of a family burial-place in their church. The wealth of the convent proved so great a temptation to the army and seamen employed in the invasion of the kingdom by Edward III., that they ravaged it without mercy, not sparing even the vessels consecrated to divine worship. A storm, however, happening instantly to follow, which overtook their ships, and in which many of them perished, they were struck with what they regarded as a judgment upon their impiety; and they returned on the cessation of the tempest, and restored the spoil. The monastery continued a place of great consequence, and was highly venerated, until the Reformation. On every side the island is hemmed in by rugged rocks; in the centre is a hollow vale, connecting the two circular ends of the island, as if by an isthmus; and a range of fine land and marine scenery appears in all directions, with, on the south-east, a splendid view of the city of Edinburgh. A small part of the island is arable; and a few stunted trees grow round the ancient walls of the ruined cloisters. The isle abounds in rabbits; has an occasional lobster-fishery; and is noted for its onions, which it produces in great quantities. During the late war with France, Inchcolm was garrisoned by a party of artillery; and on the east end, where it is high and rocky, a battery of ten guns was at that time erected.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Inchcolm — (Gälisch: Innis Choluim, Insel des heiligen Columba) ist eine Insel im Firth of Forth in Schottland. Auf der Insel befindet sich unter anderem eine mittelalterliche Abtei der Augustiner Chorherren. Inchcolm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Inchcolm — Innis Choluim (gd) Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Inchcolm — Infobox Scottish island | latitude=56.03 longitude= 3.30 GridReference=NT189827 celtic name= Innis Choluim norse name= meaning of name=Island of St Columba area= 9 ha area rank= highest elevation= 34 m Population=2 population rank= 88= main… …   Wikipedia

  • INCHCOLM —    an island in the Firth of Forth, near Aberdour, on the Fife coast, so called as the residence of St. Columba when engaged in the conversion of the Northern Picts; has the remains of an abbey founded by Alexander I …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Inchcolm Abbey — Infobox monastery name= Inchcolm Abbey order= Augustinian founder= David I of Scotland Gregoir, Bishop of Dunkeld established= 1147 x 1169 (priory)/ 1235 (abbey) mother= none disestablished= 1609 diocese= Diocese of Dunkeld churches= Aberdour;… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbaye d'Inchcolm — L’abbaye d Inchcolm Présentation Nom local Inchcolm Abbey Culte Catholicisme Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abbé d'Inchcolm — Abbaye d Inchcolm L’abbaye d Inchcolm . L’abbaye d Inchcolm est une abbaye du moyen âge se trouvant au centre de l île d Inchcolm, dans le Firth of Forth en Écosse. Elle fut construite au XIIe siècle pendant l épiscopat de Gregoir, évêque de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abbot of Inchcolm — The Abbot of Inchcolm, or until 1235, the Prior of Inchcolm, was the head of the Augustinian monastic community of Inchcolm (Innse Choluim; Latin Insula Columbae; Lowland Scots: St Comb s Isle). Contents 1 List of position holders 1.1 Priors of… …   Wikipedia

  • The New Inchcolm Hotel and Suites — (Брисбен,Австралия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 73 Wickham Terrace, Спринг Хилл, 4000 Брисбен, Австралия Описание: This charming hotel is housed …   Каталог отелей

  • Инчкольм — (Inchcolm) о в в Фортском зал., в Шотландском графстве Файф; на нем развалины монастыря, построенного королем Александром I в 1123 г …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

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